The 2018 Ghana’s HIV Fact Sheet has estimated that the number of People Living with HIV at 334,714. Out of this number 117,199 representing 35% are males and 217,515 representing 65% are females.
The report also indicated that 19,931 people are newly infected with HIV infections where out of this number 16,614 representing 83% are adults and 3,317 representing 17% are children.
With regard to new infections among the youth, 5,532 were infected where 1,175 are male representing 28% and female, 4,382 representing 78.9%.
Speaking at the launch of the report, Acting Director General of the Ghana AIDS Commission, Kyeremeh Atuahene called for intensified efforts through stakeholder collaborations, to address issues around stigmatisation, non-adherence to Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART), and Behaviour Change Communication, to curb new HIV infection rates and sustain treatment levels.
He indicated that 14,181 people die as a result of AIDS related deaths adding that out of this 11,412 are adults representing 80% and 2,769 are children representing 20%.
As regards the estimated Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) Coverage, Mr. Atuahene indicated that coverage among adults represents 35.16%, women; 40.23% and children, 19.9%.
Touching on Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT), the Acting Director General of the Ghana AIDS Commission estimated that 16,421 pregnant women need PMTCT adding that 12,950 pregnant women living with HIV received anti-retroviral to prevent mother to child transmission.
He also indicated that estimated coverage of pregnant women living with HIV who received anti-retroviral for preventing mother to child transmission is 78.86%. While estimated number of new child infections due to mother to child transmission is 3,317 out of which 1,700 are male representing 51%, female; 1,617 representing 49%.
On the regional HIV prevalence, Mr. Atuahene said the Greater Accra Region, topped with as high as approximately 77,132, followed by Ashanti with 75,675 and the Eastern 41,089 respectively with PLHIV.
For his part, Programme Manager for the National AIDS and STI Control Programme, Ghana Health Service, Dr Stephen Ayisi Addo, said HIV was urbanised with the ability to buy sex very high, citing the role of Key Populations such as Men having Sex with Men, and Female Sex Workers.
Story By: Henry George Martinson/radiogoldlive.com